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Table of Contents

What is Cognitive framing in Negotiation?What room Interests, Rights, power frames?Interests-based frames Rights-based frames Power-based frames Common Cognitive FramesSubstantive frame Outcome-based frame Aspiration frame Process-based frame Identity-based frame Characterization-based frame Loss - gain frame 
What is Cognitive frame in Negotiation?

A cognitive frame is a subjective mechanism through which human being evaluate and also make feeling of situations, top them to pursue or protect against subsequent actions. Typical cognitive frames are disputed below. 

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What space Interests, Rights, power frames?

Ury, Brett, and Goldberg (1988) proposed an approach to framing problems that watch parties in conflict as using among three frames: 

Interests-based frames

People are regularly concerned around what they need, desire, or want. Civilization talk around their positions, yet often what is at stake is your underlying interests. 

Rights-based frames

People may additionally be concerned around who is best that is, who has actually legitimacy, who is correct, or what is fair. 

Power-based frames

Negotiations fixed by power are sometimes based on who is physically more powerful or is able come coerce the other, but an ext often, that is about imposing other species of prices economic pressures, expertise, legitimate authority, and also so on. 

Common Cognitive Frames

Other usual characterizations the cognitive frames include: 

Substantive frame

This is a focus on what the dispute is about. Parties taking a substantive structure have a details disposition about the vital issue or worry in the conflict. 

Outcome-based frame

This is a party"s bias to achieving a specific result or outcome from the negotiation. 

Aspiration frame

This is a emphasis on to solve a more comprehensive set of understand or needs in negotiation. 

Process-based frame

This is a emphasis on exactly how (the process by which) the parties will go about resolving your dispute. 

Identity-based frame

This is a emphasis on how the parties define who they are. 

Characterization-based frame

This regards just how the next see and also define the various other parties. 

Loss - acquire frame

This regards how the parties define the risk or reward linked with particular outcomes. That is daunting to recognize what frame a party is making use of unless the party tells you. 

An individual"s framework through which lock interpret interaction may develop or it is in the source of biases. 

Negotiators can use much more than one frame at a time. Next negotiate differently depending upon the frame. Mismatches in frames in between parties are resources of conflict. 

Particular types of frames may be used with certain varieties of problems or cause particular varieties of agreements. Next are most likely to assume a particular frame due to the fact that of various factors, and a frame may adjust throughout a negotiation. 

For example, the negotiation context clearly affects the means both sides specify the issue and conversations the the parties have actually with every other around the concerns in the bargaining mix.